照明工程学报

2022, v.33(02) 92-101

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一项关于公众夜景认知和偏好的问卷分析研究
An Analytical Study on the Questionnaire of Public Night Scene Cognition and Preference

冯凯;代书剑;邵戎镝;
FENG Kai;DAI Shujian;SHAO Rongdi;College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University;Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education of High Density Human Settlements,Ecology and Energy Conservation;Key Laboratory of Urban Renewal and Spatial Optimization Technology of Shanghai;

摘要(Abstract):

夜晚环境建设作为城市风貌提升的重要内容受到广泛关注,现有研究多集中于包括设计、实施、管理等专业内容的优化,针对普通公众需求与偏好的研究相对较少。研究收集了539份问卷通过整体认知、分项评估、交叉分析三个方向进行不同人群的认知与偏好讨论。结果显示,公众对夜景的喜爱程度直接影响对负面内容的宽容度,其中以“理性建设”组人群最为显著;另一方面随着专业程度的提升对夜景建设品质的关注度会更高,且对负面内容的敏感性会更强。研究同时通过实验探讨通过短时间灯光体验和专业知识沟通对认知能力的提升作用,结果呈现出积极效应。研究提出专业水平提升同时向普通公众的信息传达和评价方法普及的重要性,同时认为公众参与和话语权的提升应是促进夜晚环境品质提升的重要内容。
As an important part of urban landscape improvement, nightscape construction has attracted extensive attention in recent years. Most of the existing studies focus on the optimization of professional contents such as design, implementation and management, while relatively few studies on the needs and preferences of the public. 539 questionnaires were collected to discuss the cognition and preference through three directions: overall cognition, sub-item evaluation and cross analysis. The results show that the public's preference of nightscape directly affects the tolerance of negative content, in which the group of “necessary but need rationally controlled” is the most significant. With the improvement of professional level, the attention to the quality of construction will be higher, and the sensitivity to negative content will be stronger. At the same time, an experiment to explore the effect of short-time lighting experience and professional knowledge communication on cognitive ability was conducted and results showed a positive effect. The study puts forward the importance of improving the professional level and popularizing the information transmission and evaluation methods to the general public. At the same time, it believes that the improvement of public participation should be an important content to promote the improvement of night environmental quality.

关键词(KeyWords): 夜景偏好;公众认知;问卷调查;实验前后数据比对
nightscape preference;public cognition;questionnaire survey;data comparison before and after the experiment

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作者(Authors): 冯凯;代书剑;邵戎镝;
FENG Kai;DAI Shujian;SHAO Rongdi;College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University;Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education of High Density Human Settlements,Ecology and Energy Conservation;Key Laboratory of Urban Renewal and Spatial Optimization Technology of Shanghai;

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