照明工程学报

2019, v.30(06) 88-90

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飞机座舱多功能显示器自适应亮度曲线
Adaptive Brightness Curve of Multi-function Display in Flight Deck

徐敏;曾庆兵;邱婧婧;
XU Min;ZENG Qingbing;QIU Jingjing;Shanghai Aviation Electric Co, LTD.;

摘要(Abstract):

本文针对环境光大范围变化条件下,需要飞行员不断调节座舱多功能显示器,以满足视觉需求的问题,开展多功能显示器自动亮度曲线研究。实验以全尺寸模拟座舱和飞行光环境仿真为平台,共设置了13种环境照度,范围在0.1~10 000 lx之间,采用最小变化法测量了15名被试在每种环境照度条件下识别显示器字符时的适宜显示器亮度。实验结果表明,多功能显示器适宜亮度随着环境照度自然对数的增加呈指数式增长,最终建立了飞机座舱多功能显示器自适应亮度曲线模型,该模型可为飞机座舱多功能显示器自适应亮度控制工程设计提供科学参考。
The adaptive brightness curve of multi-function display in flight deck was investigated to meet the demand for pilots to moderate the display brightness ensuring the legibility in the large range of dynamic luminous environment. 15 participants were involved in the experiment which is conducted in a full-scale simulator flight deck with lighting system. There were 13 levels of environment illuminance ranging from 0.1 lx to 10 000 lx. In each condition, participants were asked to moderate appropriate display brightness to recognize the characters displayed by minimal-change method. The results showed that the appropriate display luminance was exponential with the logarithm of environmental illuminance. Adaptive brightness curve model of multi-function display in flight deck was established and could be used as the reference for engineering design.

关键词(KeyWords): 自适应亮度曲线;环境照度;座舱显示器;人机工效
adaptive brightness curve;environmental illuminance;flight deck display;ergonomics

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作者(Author): 徐敏;曾庆兵;邱婧婧;
XU Min;ZENG Qingbing;QIU Jingjing;Shanghai Aviation Electric Co, LTD.;

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