照明工程学报

2019, v.30(06) 1-6+31

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面向人居健康的城市夜景照明:进展与挑战
Urban Nightscape Lighting for Human Settlement Health: Progress and Challenges

郝洛西;曹亦潇;汪统岳;邵戎镝;
HAO Luoxi;CAO Yixiao;WANG Tongyue;SHAO Rongdi;College of Architecture & Urban Planning of Tongji University;Key Laboratory of Ecology and Energy-saving Study of Dense Habitat, Ministry of Education;

摘要(Abstract):

近年来城市化建设、夜景经济、国内外重大事件活动等多重有利因素带动了城市夜景照明需求的持续、快速增长。然而在城市亮化热潮之下,过度照明、光污染等问题亦日益凸显。本文通过机理与实证文献研究,剖析了城市夜景照明问题对视觉、生理、心理健康的多重影响及其存在的疾病风险,探讨了显著影响人体健康的夜景照明要素与其特征;从人居健康的角度分析了我国城市照明管控措施优化的迫切性;展望了宜居、宜业、宜游城市夜景照明的健康发展路径。
In recent years, urbanization, nightscape economy, important events at home and abroad and other favorable factors have led to the continuous and rapid growth of urban nightscape lighting demand. However, the boom of urban lighting is accompanied by problems such as over-lighting and light pollution. Through the mechanism and empirical literature research, this paper analyzes the multiple influences of urban nightscape lighting issues on visual, physical and mental health and its existing disease risks, and discusses the main factors and characteristics of nightscape lighting that significantly affect human health. From the perspective of human settlement health, it is urgent to optimize the control measures of urban lighting in China. In the end, a clear path for the healthy development of nightscape lighting suitable for living, working and tourism is previewed.

关键词(KeyWords): 城市夜景照明;人居健康;过度照明;健康损伤
urban nightscape lighting;human health;excessive lighting;health damage

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点研发计划(项目编号:2017YB0403700)

作者(Author): 郝洛西;曹亦潇;汪统岳;邵戎镝;
HAO Luoxi;CAO Yixiao;WANG Tongyue;SHAO Rongdi;College of Architecture & Urban Planning of Tongji University;Key Laboratory of Ecology and Energy-saving Study of Dense Habitat, Ministry of Education;

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