照明工程学报

2017, v.28(04) 55-60

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苏州古典园林四面厅建筑天然采光研究
Daylighting Study for Four-sides-Halls Building in Suzhou Classical Gardens

吴蔚;石延安;
WU Wei;SHI Yanan;School of Architecture and Urban Planning,Nanjing University;

摘要(Abstract):

光是自然的一部分,中国传统园林中的光影艺术生动地诠释了中国传统"道法自然"这一哲学理念与审美特色。尤其是江南园林中的经典代表苏州园林建筑,基于中国传统建筑技术和文化的双重影响,其室内光环境更是独具特色。本文选取苏州古典园林中具有代表性的厅堂建筑为研究对象,通过实测测量和定量分析,发现即使在苏州园林中以通透著称的四面厅,尽管室内光环境以阴翳为基调,但所测的传统园林建筑天然光照度值水平基本满足我国现行《建筑采光设计标准》规定的住宅室内天然光照度值标准,在所测时间段内光照变化幅度较小平稳。而传统建筑中的檐廊或挑檐内的光环境对室内起着非常重要的影响,它不仅仅在室内和院落两个差别巨大的亮度空间中起到过渡作用,其丰富多变的光影变化也为柔和平缓的室内光环境起到一定的调节,从而形成了不同于现代建筑的别具特色的天然光氛围。
As part of natural environment,daylighting plays an important role in the classical gardens of Suzhou. Lighting and shadow vividly interpret "Imitation of Nature",which is Chinese traditional philosophy and aesthetic characteristics. Based on impacts of Chinese traditional building technology and culture,daylighting condition in landscape architecture of classical gardens of Suzhou is very unique. On-site measurements are applied to study daylighting in two four-sides Halls,which is one of main landscape architecture in Classical gardens. The data analysis finds that indoor overall illumination levels are quite low in the four-sides-halls,though the landscape buildings are famous at open big windows on four directions.Also,interior daylighting distribution in the measured building is quite even,and change slightly within whole day. Veranda which attached the Four-sides-Hall acts an transition and regulatory role for interior daylighting.It creates a rich and unique daylighting condition which is different from modern architecture.

关键词(KeyWords): 苏州园林;四面厅;天然采光;实地测量;阴翳;厅堂建筑;照明
classical garden of Suzhou;four-sides hall;daylighting;on-site measurements;dark;hall building;lighting

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation):

作者(Authors): 吴蔚;石延安;
WU Wei;SHI Yanan;School of Architecture and Urban Planning,Nanjing University;

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